CAP I Notes and Summaries || 1
Demand refers to the Quantities of Commodity that the Consumers are Able to Buy at each possible Price during a given Period of Time, other things being equal.
- Willing to Purchase at Various Prices during Period of Time
- Able to Purchase at Various Prices during Period of Time
This notes covers about the different markets, price determination, in such market and equilibrium in monopoly, perfect competition, oligopoly, monopolistic competition. .
A Bill of Exchange has been defined as an “instrument in writing containing an unconditional order signed by the maker directing a certain person to pay a certain sum of money only to or to the order of a certain person or to the bearer of the instrument”. When such an order is accepted in writing on the face of the order itself, it becomes a valid bill of exchange.
The party committing breach of contract is called the ‘guilt party’ and the other party is called the ‘injured’ or ‘aggrieved’ party.
A contract, being a fountainhead of a correlative set of rights and obligations for the parties, would be of no value, if there were no remedies to enforce the rights arising there under.
• Cost Analysis refers to the Study of Behaviour of Cost in relation to one or more Production Criteria like size of Output, Scale of Operations, Prices of Factors of Production.
• In other words, Cost Analysis related to the Financial Aspects of Production Relations against Physical Aspects.
This note covers Indifference curve, utility, law of diminishing marginal utility. Consumers surplus. Utility is synonymous with "Pleasure", "Satisfaction" & a Sense of Fulfillment of Desire
- Willing to Offer to the Market at Various Prices during Period of Time
- Able to Offer to the Market at Various Prices during Period of Time
- What Firms Offer for Sale, Not Necessarily to What they Succeed in Selling
- Is a Flow i.e. as per unit of time, per day, per week, or per year
A Joint Venture is a very short duration “business” (generally, confined to a single transaction, like, buying some surplus stores and selling them) entered into by two or more persons jointly. Joint Venture may be described as a temporary partnership between two or more persons without the use of the firm name, for a limited purpose.
Venture may be for the construction of a building or a bridge, for the supply of certain quantity of materials or labour and even for the supply of technical services. The persons who have so agreed to undertake a Joint Venture are known as ‘Joint Venturers’ or ‘Co- Venturers’.
– The set of organizational activities directed at attracting, developing, and maintaining an effective work force.
• The Strategic Importance of HRM
– Firms have come to realize the value of their human resources in improving productivity.
– HRM is critical to bottom-line performance of the firm.
– HR planning is part of the strategic planning process.
Traditionally, money has been defined on the basis of its general acceptability and its functional aspects. Thus, any thing which performed the following three function:
Served as medium of exchange
Served as a common measure of value
Served as a store of values was termed as money.